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Lack of association between clinical and environmental isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospital wards [Article de Revue]

 
[Souches de Pseudomonas aeruginosa : absence de lien entre celles isolées sur des patients et celles isolées dans l'environnement des services d'un hôpital]
ORSI G ; MANSI A ; TOMAO P ; CHIARINI F ; VISCA P ;
Institute of Microbiology and Institute of Hygiene. University of Rome La Sapienza. Italie
The Journal of hospital infection. 1994; 27 : 49-60
Summary: 63 isolements de Pseudomonas aeruginosa provenant de prélèvements cliniques ou environnementaux et recueillis dans un seul hôpital pendant une période de 6 mois ont été comparés. Les souches isolées à partir l'environnement ont été prélevées sur les éviers, les robinets d'eau, dans les chambres où les patients étaient traités.

Seventy-three environmental and clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa recovered from a single hospital over a 6-month period were compared for epidemiological type characteristics. Environmental isolates were obtained from sinks, taps and water, in rooms where patients were treated. The strains represented only six O-antigenic types and 8.2% of them were not typable. Serotype 011 was most frequent in the environment, whereas serotypes 06, 012 and 02,5 predominated among clinical isolates. More than 60% of all isolates belonged to four pyocin types (1, 10, 33 and 45), and approximately 80% were phage typable. Environmental isolates were more sensitive to antibiotics than clinical isolates. There was little correspondence between the types of strains of P. aeruginosa isolated from patients and those isolated from the environment. However, isolates of identical type were frequently recovered from different patients within the same clinic and were found to be related in time and location. We conclude that the environment was not an important source of P. aeruginosa infection and that transfer of organisms was mainly from patient-to-patient.(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
, 1994

Pages
49-60

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
34

Published in
The Journal of hospital infection

ID notice
318778

Location Call number Status Date due Barcode
CCLIN Est
CClin Est
CHU de Nancy - Hôpitaux de Brabois
Rue du Morvan
54511 Vandoeuvre le Nancy Cedex
Tél : 03.83.15.34.73
cclin.est@chu-nancy.fr
http://www.cclin-est.org/
CCLIN Ouest
CClin Ouest
CHU Hôtel Dieu
CS 26419
35064 Rennes Cedex 2
Tél : 02.99.87.35.31
isabelle.girot@chu-rennes.fr
http://www.cclinouest.com/
CCLIN Paris Nord
CClin Paris-Nord
96 rue Didot
75014 Paris
Tél : 01.40.27.42.00  
karin.lebascle@sap.aphp.fr
http://www.cclinparisnord.org/
CCLIN Sud-Est
CClin Sud-Est
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Hôpital Henry Gabriel
20 route de vourles
69230 Saint-Genis-Laval
Tél : 04.78.86.49.50
cclinse@chu-lyon.fr
http://cclin-sudest.chu-lyon.fr/
CCLIN Sud-Ouest
CClin Sud-Ouest
CHU de Bordeaux
Hôpital Pellegrin - Bâtiment Le Tondu
33076 Bordeaux
Tél : 05.56.79.60.58
cclin.so@chu-bordeaux.fr
http://www.cclin-sudouest.com/

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