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Survey of infections due to Staphylococcus species: frequency of occurrence and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates collected in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region for the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program, 1997-1999 [Article de Revue]

 
[Enquête sur les infections à staphylocoques : fréquence et résistance aux antibiotiques des isolats collectés aux Etats-Unis, Canada, Amérique Latine, Europe et région pacifique ouest . Programme SENTRY de surveillance antimicrobienne, 1997-1999]
Diekema, Daniel J ; PFALLER MA ; SCHMITZ FJ ; SMAYEVSKY J ; BELL J ; JONES RN ; BEACH M ; SENTRY PARTICIPANTS GROUP
Clinical infectious diseases. 2001/05/15; 32(Supplément 2) : S114-S132
Summary: Dans cette étude, Staphylococcus aureus a été le principal germe mis en cause dans les infections systémiques, les infections cutanées et des parties molles, et les pneumonies dans la plupart des zones géographiques. La prévalence de SARM varie énormément en fonction du pays (élevée à Hong-Kong et au Japon), du site d.infection et de l.origine nosocomiale ou communautaire de l'infection.

Between January 1997 and December 1999, bloodstream isolates from 15,439 patients infected with Staphylococcus aureus and 6350 patients infected with coagulase-negative Staphylococcus species (CoNS) were referred by SENTRY-participating hospitals in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and the Western Pacific region. S. aureus was found to be the most prevalent cause of bloodstream infection, skin and soft-tissue infection, and pneumonia in almost all geographic areas. A notable increase in methicillin (oxacillin) resistance among community-onset and hospital-acquired S. aureus strains was observed in the US centers. The prevalence of methicillin (oxacillin)-resistant S. aureus varied greatly by region, site of infection, and whether the infection was nosocomial or community onset. Rates of methicillin resistance were extremely high among S. aureus isolates from centers in Hong Kong and Japan. Uniformly high levels of methicillin resistance were observed among CoNS isolates. Given the increasing multidrug resistance among staphylococci and the possible emergence of vancomycin-resistant strains, global strategies are needed to control emergence and spread of multiply resistant staphylococci.(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
, 2001/05/15

Pages
S114-S132

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
40

ID notice
319015

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