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A five-year study of needlestick injuries: significant reduction associated with communication, education and convenient placement of sharps containers [Article de Revue]

 
[Etude sur 5 ans des blessures par aiguille : réduction significative grâce à la communication, à la formation et à l'emplacement correct des collecteurs de déchets perforants]
Haiduven, Donna J ; DeMaio, Tammy M ; Stevens, David A
Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 1992/05; 13(5) : 265-271
Summary: OBJECTIF : Diminuer le nombre de blessures par aiguilles chez le personnel soignant.
METHODES : D'avril à décembre 1987, des containers à aiguilles ont été ajoutés, aussi près que possible, des zones d'utilisation. Des programmes d'information ont été mis en place entre 1987 et 1988. Les efforts ont été poursuivis en 1989.
RESULTATS : En 1986 : 259 blessures par aiguilles ; en 1989, 135 blessures ; en 1990, 104 blessures.
CONCLUSIONS : Les blessures par aiguilles ont été surveillées, les résultats ont été communiqués à tout le personnel, et la prévention des blessures par aiguilles a été intégrée aux programmes de formation. Nous prétendons que l'emplacement approprié des containers, la transmission des résultats au personnel, et la formation du personnel peuvent faire diminuer le nombre de blessures par aiguilles.

OBJECTIVE: To decrease the numbers of needlesticks among healthcare workers.
DESIGN: All reported needlestick injuries at Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, California, were reviewed, analyzed, and tabulated by the infection control department yearly from 1986 to 1990.
SETTING: A 588-bed county teaching hospital in San Jose, California, affiliated with Stanford University.
PARTICIPANTS: All employees of Santa Clara Valley Medical Center who reported needlestick injuries on injury report forms.
INTERVENTIONS: From April to December 1987, more needle disposal containers were added to as many patient care areas and as close to the area of use as possible. Results of 1986, 1988, 1989, and 1990 analyses were communicated yearly to all personnel, extensive educational programs were conducted in 1987 and 1988, and educational efforts continued in 1989 and 1990.
RESULTS: In 1986, there were 259 needlestick injuries at our institution, 22% (32) from recapping. After needle disposal containers were added to all patient care areas, needlestick injuries for 1988 totalled 143, a 45% decrease in the total needlestick injuries and a 53% decrease in recapping injuries. Communication of results to all areas of the hospital and educational activities were started in 1987 and continued through the next 3 years. In 1989, there were 135 needlestick injuries, a decrease of 6% from 1988; recapping injuries decreased 40% from 1988. In 1990, there were 104 needlestick injuries, a 23% decrease since 1989, and a 33% decrease in recapping injuries. The total number of needlestick injuries from 1986 to 1990 decreased by 60%, and those injuries from recapping decreased by 81% to 89%.
CONCLUSIONS: We have continued to monitor needlestick injuries, communicate findings to all personnel, and include needlestick prevention in educational programs. We contend that more convenient placement of needle disposal containers, communication of findings, and education do decrease needlestick injuries in healthcare workers.
(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
1992/05

Pages
265-271

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
35

ID notice
319408

Location Call number Status Date due Barcode
CCLIN Est
CClin Est
CHU de Nancy - Hôpitaux de Brabois
Rue du Morvan
54511 Vandoeuvre le Nancy Cedex
Tél : 03.83.15.34.73
cclin.est@chu-nancy.fr
http://www.cclin-est.org/
CCLIN Ouest
CClin Ouest
CHU Hôtel Dieu
CS 26419
35064 Rennes Cedex 2
Tél : 02.99.87.35.31
isabelle.girot@chu-rennes.fr
http://www.cclinouest.com/
CCLIN Paris Nord
CClin Paris-Nord
96 rue Didot
75014 Paris
Tél : 01.40.27.42.00  
karin.lebascle@sap.aphp.fr
http://www.cclinparisnord.org/
CCLIN Sud-Est
CClin Sud-Est
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Hôpital Henry Gabriel
20 route de vourles
69230 Saint-Genis-Laval
Tél : 04.78.86.49.50
cclinse@chu-lyon.fr
http://cclin-sudest.chu-lyon.fr/
CCLIN Sud-Ouest
CClin Sud-Ouest
CHU de Bordeaux
Hôpital Pellegrin - Bâtiment Le Tondu
33076 Bordeaux
Tél : 05.56.79.60.58
cclin.so@chu-bordeaux.fr
http://www.cclin-sudouest.com/

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