Normal view MARC view

Blood contact and exposure in the operating room [Article de Revue]

 
[Exposition au sang dans un bloc opératoire]
POPEJOY SL ; FRY DE
Surgery gynecology and obstetrics. 1991/06; 172 : 480-483
Summary: On a étudié de manière prospective en 1988, 684 interventions chirurgicales afin de décrire le contact et l'exposition au sang au cours de ces procédures. On a défini le contact avec le sang et l'exposition au sang. Au total, 293 membres du personnel du bloc opératoire ont été en contact avec le sang au cours de 190 interventions. Le risque était significativement plus élevé en chirurgie cardiaque et thoracique, traumatologie et lors des césariennes. L'étude a montré les spécialités et les catégories de personnel concernées. L'exposition au sang reste un événement fréquent dans ce centre hospitalier universitaire du Nouveau Mexique aux Etats-Unis.

We prospectively studied 684 operations from all surgical specialties to describe the frequency and character of blood contact and exposure during the procedures. Blood contact was defined as percutaneous, mucous membrane, nonintact skin or intact skin contact of patient blood with any member of the operative team. Blood exposure was defined as contact in any of the preceding categories excluding intact skin. Over-all, 28 per cent of the patients had one or more blood contact events that involved 293 operating room personnel. Risk of blood contact was significantly greater for cardiothoracic (p less than 0.001), trauma (p less than 0.003) and obstetric cesarean section (p less than 0.021) procedures when compared with all other procedures. Three services (Ophthalmology, Transplant and Oral Surgery) had no contact events. The remaining nine had rates ranging from 17 to 33 per cent. Eight per cent of the procedures (n = 54) resulted in blood exposure to 63 individuals. Percutaneous exposure occurred in 3 per cent of all procedures. Blood contact events increased with increasing operative time. Blood contact most commonly occurred among circulating nurses (n = 79), anesthesia personnel (n = 65), surgeons (n = 59) and first assistants (n = 49). Despite increased concerns over the risk of occupationally acquired viral diseases, blood contact and exposure continue to be frequent events. Surgeons must assume that all patients are potentially infected and should adopt universally applied standards of behavior to minimize contact with blood.(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
1991/06

Pages
480-483

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
17

ID notice
319440

Location Call number Status Date due Barcode
CCLIN Est
CClin Est
CHU de Nancy - Hôpitaux de Brabois
Rue du Morvan
54511 Vandoeuvre le Nancy Cedex
Tél : 03.83.15.34.73
cclin.est@chu-nancy.fr
http://www.cclin-est.org/
CCLIN Ouest
CClin Ouest
CHU Hôtel Dieu
CS 26419
35064 Rennes Cedex 2
Tél : 02.99.87.35.31
isabelle.girot@chu-rennes.fr
http://www.cclinouest.com/
CCLIN Paris Nord
CClin Paris-Nord
96 rue Didot
75014 Paris
Tél : 01.40.27.42.00  
karin.lebascle@sap.aphp.fr
http://www.cclinparisnord.org/
CCLIN Sud-Est
CClin Sud-Est
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Hôpital Henry Gabriel
20 route de vourles
69230 Saint-Genis-Laval
Tél : 04.78.86.49.50
cclinse@chu-lyon.fr
http://cclin-sudest.chu-lyon.fr/
CCLIN Sud-Ouest
CClin Sud-Ouest
CHU de Bordeaux
Hôpital Pellegrin - Bâtiment Le Tondu
33076 Bordeaux
Tél : 05.56.79.60.58
cclin.so@chu-bordeaux.fr
http://www.cclin-sudouest.com/

There are no comments for this item.

Log in to your account to post a comment.
Tags from this library:
No tags from this library for this title.
Log in to add tags.
    average rating: 0.0 (0 votes)
Languages: