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Risk of blood splashes to masks and goggles during cesarean section [Article de Revue]

 
[Risque de projection de sang sur les masques et les lunettes de protection lors d'une césarienne]
AISIEN A ; UJAH I
Medical science monitor. 2006; 12(2) : CR94-CR97
Summary: Le but de cette étude est d'identifier le risque de projection de sang sur les masques et les lunettes de protection d'une césarienne. Cette étude prospective a été conduite durant 6 mois (janvier-juin 1998) dans un centre hospitalier universitaire du Bénin (Afrique) afin de déterminer l'incidence des projections de sang sur les masques et les lunettes de protection des chirurgiens, des assistants et des infirmiers instrumentistes. Au total, 144 césariennes ont été effectuées durant la période de l'étude, 19 (13,2 %) programmées et 125 (86,8 %) en urgence. Le taux de projection de sang est de 62,5 % sur les masques de chirurgiens, 63,2 % sur les lunettes de protection des chirurgiens ; 35,4 % sur les masques et 38,9 % sur les lunettes de protection des assistants ; 11,1 % sur les masques et 16 % sur les lunettes de protection des instrumentistes.

INTRODUCTION: The study arose out of concern about the transmission of infectious diseases through mucocutaneous contact with blood and body fluids. The purpose was to identify the risk of blood splashes to masks and goggles during cesarean section. MATERIAL/METHODS: The prospective study spanned 6 months between January and June 1998 to determine the incidence of blood splashes to the masks and goggles of surgeons, assistants, and scrub nurses. All the doctors and scrub nurses who participated in surgery were requested to wear masks and goggles for all the cesarean section cases during the study period. At the end of surgery, the surgeon examined all the masks and goggles for obvious blood splashes and documented these in a data sheet. RESULTS: There were 144 cases of cesarean section performed during the period, of which 13.2% (19) were elective and 86.8% (125) were emergencies. 74.3% (107) of the patients registered for antenatal care and delivered in the institution, while 25.7% (37) cases were not booked but admitted for delivery. The mean age of the parturient and parity were 27.4+/-2.8 years and 5.8+/-2.4, respectively. The rate of blood splashes was 62.5% on the surgeons' masks, 63.2% on surgeons' goggles, 35.4% on assistants' masks, 38.9% on assistants' goggles, 11.1% on scrub nurses' masks, and 16.0% on scrub nurses' goggles. CONCLUSIONS: We therefore recommend the use of masks and protective eye wear as part of routine surgical attire to avoid body fluid contamination that can result in acquiring infectious diseases.(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
2006

Pages
CR94-CR97

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
36

Published in
Medical science monitor

ID notice
319447

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CCLIN Est
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http://www.cclin-est.org/
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cclinse@chu-lyon.fr
http://cclin-sudest.chu-lyon.fr/
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CClin Sud-Ouest
CHU de Bordeaux
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33076 Bordeaux
Tél : 05.56.79.60.58
cclin.so@chu-bordeaux.fr
http://www.cclin-sudouest.com/

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