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Tracheal aspirate correlates with protected specimen brush in long term ventilated patients who have clinical pneumonia [Article de Revue]

 
[Correspondance entre l'aspiration trachéale et le brossage bronchique protégé chez des patients sous ventilation assistée à long terme, présentant un tableau de pneumonie]
RUMBAK M ; BASS R ;
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine. Tampa Hospital. Tampa. USA
Chest. 1994/08; 106( 2) : 531-534
Summary: OBJECTIF : Définir l'existence ou non d'une corrélation entre les cultures obtenues par aspiration trachéale et celles obtenues par brossage bronchique protégé (BBP) lors du diagnostic de pneumonie probable chez des patients sous ventilation assistée. METHODOLOGIE : Etude rétrospective de 52 épisodes de pneumonie clinique, survenus chez 38 patients ayant bénéficié de bronchoscopie, de BBP, ainsi que de cultures sur aspiration trachéale. Sujets, critères d'évaluation et résultats : voir l'article. CONCLUSION : Les résultats des cultures de prélèvements par aspiration bronchique correspondent à ceux par BBP chez les patients sous ventilation assistée de longue durée, présentant un tableau clinique de pneumonie. Ces cultures peuvent être utilisées pour orienter le traitement antibiotique initial chez ce type de patients.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine whether tracheal aspirate cultures correlate with protected specimen brush (PSB) cultures in the diagnosis of probable ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). DESIGN: Retrospective evaluation of 52 episodes of clinical pneumonia in 38 patients who underwent bronchoscopy and PSB as well as tracheal aspirate cultures. SETTING: The study took place in long-term, acute care hospital associated with a university medical school. This hospital specializes in ventilator-assisted patients.

PATIENTS: The patient population consisted of long-term ventilated patients (average ventilation time was 22 weeks; range, 4 weeks to 3 years) who presented with the clinical diagnosis of VAP (fever, increased white blood cell count, new infiltrate on chest radiograph, and bronchorrhea). No patient had received antibiotics for the preceding 5 days at the time of bronchoscopy or tracheal aspirate culture. MEASUREMENTS: The tracheal aspirate and PSB culture and sensitivities results. RESULTS: Identical organisms were recovered in both the tracheal aspirate and PSB cultures in 36 of 52 episodes of VAP (69 percent). No organism was recovered in either the tracheal aspirate or the PSB in 4 of 52 suspected episodes (8 percent). Positive bacterial cultures in the tracheal aspirate but not the PSB were found in 8 of 52 (15 percent) episodes. In 3 of 52 episodes (6 percent), 1 isolate of pathogenic bacteria was found on PSB and 2 were found on tracheal aspirate cultures. However, all three isolates had the similar antibiotic sensitivities. In the final episode, the PSB culture grew an organism that was not present in the tracheal aspirate culture (2 percent). When comparing the tracheal aspirate with the PSB, the following were calculated: sensitivity = 97.7 percent; specificity = 50 percent; positive predictive value = 91.3 percent; and negative predictive value = 80 percent. CONCLUSION: Tracheal aspirate cultures correlate with PSB cultures in patients receiving long-term ventilation who have clinical pneumonia, and they can be used to direct initial antibiotic therapy in this group of patients.(RESUME D'AUTEUR)
Publication
, 1994/08

Pages
531-534

Language
Anglais

Number of ref
26

Published in

ID notice
319474

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33076 Bordeaux
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